People with autism have differences in the way they communicate compared to other people. This video describes eight common ways that language can vary. If you are concerned that a child or adult you know may be autistic, see if they may have these communication differences.
If someone you know has any of these communication differences, please consult a speech therapist. Language improvements are easier to make for children, but people of any age can learn to better express themselves.
There are eight differences that can be seen in communication in children and people with autism verses people who are more typically developing. So let’s discuss some of them.
Number one: to and fro communication is limited. So for a baby, by five months old usually babies will stick their tongue out when you stick your tongue out, or when you smile they smile back. That’s the kind of reciprocal communication that is often lacking and someone who has autism.
Number two: When we are talking about babbling, babbling typically will become more complex over time. It will start out very simple like ba-ba-ba but after a while it will have all sorts of sounds and facial expressions and things that go with it. With autism babbling typically doesn’t improve over time.
Number three: language with an autistic person can be very limited and non-functional. It’s more about labeling things than expressing ideas or interests.
Number four: Often a person with autism doesn’t get the meaning behind words, they’ll just understand the words themselves and miss the point that’s being made.
Number five: It’s hard to answer who, what, why, and where questions.
Number six: Pronoun confusion is fairly common for people and especially children with autism. So instead of saying we’re going to the park, he will say he going to the park or she doesn’t want it when they talk about themselves instead of saying I don’t want it.
Number seven: Language is very literal or concrete. Its not fanciful it’s not about ideas or emotions.
Number eight: Echolalia. If you don’t know what echolalia is, its the repetition of words or phrases they’ve heard before. So this may be something that increases with stress, and it’s an indicator of decreased comprehension. They are not understanding what language is saying or meaning but they do know that language should be used. So this may be a child who either repeats what you just said or who a will repeat a jingle or a line from a movie that they fine comforting. And they use in place a functional language.
So these are 8 things that are often seen with someone with autism that are not seen with someone who is more typically functioning. If you have a child or someone that you know who is having these communication issues you may want to look into autism further and see if they may have it, and if there are some things that could help them to communicate more effectively. Good luck.