Every person who has autism will be different and will have different signs and symptoms of the disorder. It is important to remember that a symptom of autism in one child may not appear in another child who is considered autistic. Because there is no medical test to determine if a person has autism, diagnosing it and the other disorders on the autism spectrum can be tricky. Scientists are searching for early indicators of autism.
Below are the three main categories of symptoms of ASD:
- Little or no eye contact, facial expressions, and/or body language.
- Unable to form friendships with their peers.
- Not willing or able to share enjoyment or accomplishments with others.
- Unable to relate or share emotions on a social level.
- Doesn’t talk or doesn’t use language properly.
- Doesn’t respond to voices or other sounds.
- No attempt to replace language with another form of communication.
- Limited communication with another person even if they have the ability to talk.
- Repeating words or having echolalia (echoing words without meaning).
PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOR, INTERESTS, OR ACTIVITY
- Obsessed with certain topic or object.
- No imaginative play (doesn’t pretend or play make-believe games).
- Focused on specific routines or rituals that have no practical function.
- Repetitive actions or movements like flapping, spinning, and/or body movements.
- Intense preoccupation with parts of objects.
- Extra sensitive to certain sounds, smells, tastes, or textures.